Health is not just about the body, but also about the mind. According to the World Health Organization, it is defined as : “a state of complete physical, psychological and social well-being, and does not consist solely in the absence of illness or infirmity” (Constitution of the World Organization Health, 1946). It is therefore possible to live with a chronic illness, such as diabetes or bipolar disorder, while being healthy. Healthy people are active, have relationships with fiends, and feel good about their body and their mind. Health is not an end in itself, but rather a resource of daily life that allows you to carry out life projects and meet your needs (Ottawa Charter, 1986).
In recent years, the concept of positive mental health has been used more and more in Canada. Positive mental health refers to a feeling of subjective well-being which is based on two complementary and distinct components : emotional well-being (having positive emotions towards one’s life like being happy and satisfied) and psychological and social well-being (having a sense of engagement and accomplishment in one’s private and social life).
To know more :
- Canadian Institut for Health Information (2009), Improving the Health of Canadians : Exploring Positive Mental Health, Ottawa, CIHI.
- World Health Organization (2020), World Health Organization Constitution.
- Duhoux A. (2009). Santé mentale positive : du traitement des maladies mentales à la promotion de la santé mentale. Quintessence; 1(2).
Other definitions :